New slimming drugs will work well if combined with a healthy lifestyle because of the risk of increasing weight again after slimming drug consumption is stopped. Also, particular drugs may contain substances that are harmful to the body.
In 2010, the Food and Drug Supervisory Agency withdrew six brands of diet drugs from the market because they contained sibutramine. This material can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. Therefore, it is essential to recognize the ingredients in slimming drugs so that the desire to be thin does not endanger health.
Recognize the Content in Slimming Drugs
Slimming drugs are sold freely or prescribed by doctors available with different ingredients and effects. Before buying or taking it, make sure the medicine is registered with BPOM and pay attention to the name of the content listed on the drug packaging. To help you, here are some of the ingredients that are generally contained in slimming pills.
Materials that are classified as effective
The following are ingredients that are generally contained in various slimming drug products. These ingredients are thought to be useful for weight loss, but that doesn’t mean they don’t have risks.
How it works: reduce levels of fat absorbed by the body.
- Gain back the weight if a healthy lifestyle such as exercise is not applied
- Stomach cramps, gas, more frequent bowel movements.
- It makes the body difficult to absorb vitamins A, D, E, and K for some time.
The orlistat side effects are generally mild and temporary. Drugs with this content can be used in the long term, but it is recommended to be consumed after the patient goes on a low-fat diet. Users of these drugs are also advised to take vitamin A, D, E, and K. supplements.
The doctor’s prescribed Orlistat is generally given the name Xenical. While that is sold freely given in half the amount of Xenical dose, known as the Alli brand.
How it works: reduce appetite.
Side effects: diarrhea, constipation, vomiting, insomnia, tremors, difficulty breathing, chest pain, palpitations, high blood pressure, and drowsiness that make you unable to do activities such as driving. Serious side effects from phentermine do not often occur with short-term use.
Phentermine is an amphetamine that is at risk of causing addiction. In addition to unique recipes needed to get it, this ingredient is also recommended to be consumed only in the short term, which is only a few weeks.
Not recommended for consumption by:
- Pregnant and nursing mothers.
- People who have a history of stroke, high blood pressure, heart attack, congestive heart failure, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma.
- People who have a history of drug abuse.
Phentermine prescribed by a doctor is generally called Duromine.
Qysmia: a combination of phentermine and topiramate
How it works: reduce appetite.
Side effects: tingling hands and feet, dizziness, insomnia, constipation, dry mouth, congenital disabilities in pregnant women who consume, eye disorders, and faster heart rate.
Not recommended for consumption by:
- A pregnant woman or planning to become pregnant.
- People with hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, stroke, heart disease.
This drug, known as the Qysmia brand, can be taken in the long term.
Although proven effective, but considering the risks that are not light, it is recommended to consult a doctor before taking.
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Material that has not been proven effective
The following ingredients are also often contained in slimming products. But actually, no research is strong enough to determine its effectiveness in losing weight.
Green Tea Extract
Consuming green tea extract with caffeine can slightly reduce body mass index. However, these benefits will not be obtained if green tea extract is not overwhelmed with caffeine.
Green coffee extract
Green coffee extract or green coffee is taken from coffee beans that have not been roasted. In one study, it was found that the long term weight loss effect of this substance is minimal, and there is still not enough evidence to state that green coffee extract is effective and safe in the long run.
Chitosan is a sugar-like compound found in shrimp, lobster, and crab shells. Taking chitosan without burning calories will not be beneficial to lose weight.
This compound is believed to increase the hormone insulin. However, most studies have found that taking chromium orally is not helpful for weight loss.
Various products containing these types of berries are believed to help you lose weight. However, until now, there has been no research that can prove this.
Eating Garcinia Cambogia is believed to reduce appetite and prevent fat formation. In one study, it was found that weight loss when taking drugs containing these compounds is not significant and still requires long-term research.
If the above ingredients are included in the slimming pill that you choose, then the drug has not been proven effective for weight loss.
Circulation of slimming products containing the following ingredients has been banned because of the risk of endangering health.
It causes seizures, high blood pressure, abnormal heart rates, strokes, heart attacks.
This ingredient affects blood sugar levels, causes high blood pressure, and causes poisoning and death if consumed by children. Since 2001, BPOM has banned the distribution of products containing ephedra.
Linked to an increased risk of mood disorders, depression, insomnia, and even the emergence of suicidal ideation.
Used for the treatment of epilepsy. It can cause joint pain, jaundice, bleeding, anemia, bones become weak, and increase blood sugar levels.
To prevent dangerous risks, avoid consuming slimming drugs that contain the above ingredients.
Get the Best Benefits of Slimming Drugs
The risks above do not mean you should prevent slimming pills altogether. Products with active ingredients that are classified as safe can still provide benefits if consumed with the following guidelines.
- Check the label and understand the risks.
Every slimming drug, including over-the-counter medications, is not necessarily risk-free. Always read the rules of use and side effects, especially if you have certain diseases.
- Consult a doctor.
Before taking slimming drugs, it helps you discuss it with your doctor first. In addition to checking whether you are overweight, your doctor may be able to prescribe diet drugs that have minimal side effects, especially if you are taking other medicines at the same time.
- Change your lifestyle.
In general, drugs are recommended to be consumed in a limited period. The benefits and effects will not last long if they are not accompanied by lifestyle changes. Selectively choosing healthy foods and exercising regularly remain the foundation for weight loss.
Besides being risky, slimming drugs may not necessarily bring the same benefits if consumed by different people. Make this product only as a complement to the main effort to reduce weight. You can try a natural diet and regular exercise to achieve maximum results.