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The Importance Applying Social Distancing to Prevent COVID-19 - Positive

The Importance Applying Social Distancing to Prevent COVID-19

To deal with the increasingly widespread Coronavirus outbreak, the government encourages people to implement social distancing. Let’s get to know what social distancing is and how to do it.

COVID-19 disease caused by a new type of coronavirus is getting worse. According to the latest data published by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, on Friday, March 20, 2020, more than 350 people were positively infected by the Coronavirus in Indonesia.

social distancing
Applying Social Distancing to Prevent COVID-19

17 patients recovered, but 32 of them were not saved. This makes Indonesia one of the countries infected with the Coronavirus with the highest percentage of deaths.

The worsening Coronavirus outbreak requires the government to take a stand. Recently, the president of the Republic of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, suggested each individual to implement social distancing to face the COVID-19 pandemic. Then, what is meant by social distancing?

What is Social Distancing?

Social distancing is one of the steps to prevent and control Coronavirus infection by encouraging healthy people to limit visits to crowded places and direct contact with others. Now, the term social distancing has been replaced by physical distancing by the government.

When implementing social distancing, a person is not allowed to shake hands and keep a distance of at least 1 meter when interacting with others, especially with people who are sick or at high risk of suffering from COVID-19.

Also, there are several common examples of the application of social distancing, namely:

  • Work from home ( work from home )
  • Study at home online for school and college students
  • Postpone meetings or events attended by many people, such as conferences, seminars, and meetings, or do it online via video conference or teleconference
  • Not visiting people who are sick, but enough by phone or video call

Social Distancing Is Different from Self-Quarantine and Self-Isolation

Besides social distancing, there are also other terms related to efforts to prevent COVID-19 infection, namely self-quarantine and self-isolation. The following is the explanation:


Self-quarantine is aimed at people who are at high risk of being infected with the Coronavirus, for example having contact with sufferers of COVID-19, but have not shown symptoms.

People who undergo self-quarantine must quarantine themselves by staying at home for 14 days.

During this period, people undergoing self-quarantine are asked not to receive guests, do not share the use of cutlery and personal utensils with others, keep a distance of at least 1 meter with people who live at home, wear masks when interacting with others, and always maintain personal hygiene and wash hands frequently.

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Self-isolation is applied to people who have proven positive for COVID-19. Usually, self-isolation is an alternative treatment effort when the hospital is no longer able to accommodate COVID-19 patients. Applying self-isolation cannot be done haphazardly and must be in the direction of a doctor.

In the process, sufferers of COVID-19 must isolate themselves in a room or a special room in the house and not allowed out so as not to transmit the Coronavirus to others.

Anyone who wants to interact directly with sufferers is only allowed for 15 minutes and must wear a mask or personal protective equipment, and keep a distance of 1 meter.

Items used by patients, ranging from toothbrushes to eating places, must be distinguished from items used by other people who live in the same household. Patients are also required to always wear a mask, especially when interacting with others.

Preparations for Social Distancing

There are several things that you need to prepare before undergoing social distancing or social restrictions, namely:

1. Plan activities

You may already be accustomed to activities, such as shopping, without worrying about whether or not the place is crowded. However, in this period of social restrictions, it must be re-planned. The reason is, visiting a crowded place will increase your risk of contracting the Coronavirus.

If you do have to come to a public place, choose a time to visit outside peak hours. For example, when you want to buy groceries at a shopping center, come during the day on a normal day and not on a weekend.

2. Providing medicines

If you have a particular disease and are undergoing treatment, make sure you have a supply of the medicine you normally use. If necessary, supply other medicines as well, for example paracetamol to ease pain and fever. This needs to be done so that you don’t need to go to the hospital or the pharmacy if the medicine is gone.

3. Meet daily needs

Prepare a sufficient amount of food, soap, disinfectant, and other daily needs. Avoid panic buying or excessive buying of goods. If you and your family members are healthy, there is no need to prepare a stock of masks.

When buying food, choose and consume balanced nutritious foods that can strengthen the immune system, such as fruits and vegetables, then store the food you have purchased in a clean container and place it in the refrigerator.

4. Prepare for internet access

During social distancing, the internet is one of your links to the outside world. Therefore, you need to prepare for internet access with a wide network and have a stable speed when going through social restrictions.

With quality internet access, you who have to study or work at home can continue to be productive. You can also quickly update the development of the current plague situation, then share it with your loved ones.

Surfing in cyberspace to entertain yourself when hit by boredom, is also easier to do if you have access to internet speed is maintained. In essence, internet access will help you complete your responsibilities and fulfill your daily needs.

Social distancing might disrupt your activities. However, this method is quite effective to prevent the spread of Coronavirus that is now being endemic.

If you are at high risk of contracting the Coronavirus and have a fever accompanied by respiratory symptoms, such as cough, runny nose, sore throat, and shortness of breath, see your doctor to get further treatment.

Your awareness in maintaining cleanliness and carrying out Coronavirus prevention efforts has a very big role in overcoming COVID-19 outbreaks. Start implementing social distancing from now on to protect yourself, your family, and others.

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