People are increasingly busy looking for masks to protect themselves from the Coronavirus. However, the large selection of masks on the market can make you confused. To choose a mask, you need to understand the function of each mask first. Check out the following article for an explanation.
Currently, using a mask is recommended for people who are traveling to anticipate the transmission of the Coronavirus. This virus is found in the saliva splashing of a sick person when he sneezes, coughs, or even while talking. Transmission occurs when saliva splashes inhaled by other people around.
Mask Options for Corona Virus
The types of masks are very diverse. Some of them are only useful to ward off pollution but cannot ward off the transmission of the Coronavirus. Until now, there are 3 types of masks for the Coronavirus that are recommended to the public:
In accordance with the advice of the Indonesian Ministry of Health, everyone is advised to wear a cloth mask when they have to travel outside the home. Cloth masks can keep some of the saliva splashing out while talking, sighing, or coughing and sneezing.
So, if used properly, this mask can still reduce the spread of the Coronavirus in the community, especially from people who are infected with the virus but do not have any symptoms.
Even so, during the move in a place that is quite a lot of people, it would be nice to keep doing physical distancing even though wearing a cloth mask. If you are sick with symptoms of coughing, or clear sneezing, it’s better to do independent isolation at home.
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Surgical mask or surgical mask is a type of disposable mask that is easily found and is often used by medical personnel when on duty. The effective surgical mask is the choice to prevent the spread of the Coronavirus because it has a coating that is able to dispel splashes of saliva.
Most surgical masks consist of 3 layers that have different functions, namely:
- The outer layer, which is waterproof
- Middle layer, which functions as a germ filter
- The inner layer, which is useful for absorbing fluid coming out of the mouth
If you are sick, you are better advised to use a mask with all three functions because it is effective in preventing the spread of infectious diseases, such as Coronavirus infection.
Although effective for blocking the Coronavirus, because of its diminishing stock, surgical masks are currently preferred to protect medical personnel working in health services or people who are sick to prevent transmission of the virus to others.
N95 masks are also effective in preventing transmission of the Coronavirus. Masks that tend to be more expensive than surgical masks are not only able to dispel sprinkling of saliva, but also small particles in the air that may contain viruses.
Compared to surgical masks, the N95 mask feels tighter on the face because it has been designed to fit the nose and mouth of an adult. In children, the use of this mask is not recommended because the size of the mask can be too large so it cannot provide enough protection.
Although the protection is better, the N95 mask is not recommended for everyday use. This is due to the design that makes people who use it can be difficult to breathe, hot, and do not feel comfortable wearing it for a longer period of time.
This mask is preferred for use by medical personnel who are in direct contact with sufferers of COVID-19, for example doctors and nurses who work in special isolation rooms of COVID-19 or in the emergency room.
How to use the correct mask
Surgical masks and N95 masks can be used to prevent exposure to the Coronavirus. However, the benefits of both masks will only be effective if you use them properly.
Here is a guide to using the correct mask:
- Make sure you wash your hands properly.
- If you use a surgical mask, make sure the outside is green and the inside is white.
- Put on the mask strap well. If the mask string needs to be tied, tie the top first, then the bottom.
- Make sure the mask covers the nose, mouth and chin perfectly. Also make sure the metal part is in the bridge of the nose.
- Bend the metal strip following the curve of the nose so that there are no holes left.
- Avoid touching the middle of the mask when using and removing the mask.
- Dispose of the mask in the trash and wash your hands thoroughly after using the mask.
Using a mask for the Coronavirus is effective in preventing transmission. Whatever the type of mask, you must understand how to use it appropriately. In addition, hand washing is as important as wearing a mask. Always wash your hands after every action or touch, especially in public places.
Besides all that, maintaining health and endurance is equally important. If you have recently traveled to China or other countries that have contracted Coronavirus infection, you should see a doctor for a health check-up, especially if you experience symptoms of cough, runny nose, fever, and shortness of breath.